The opening and closing parts of the rising stem gate valve are the gate plate, and the direction of motion of the gate plate is perpendicular to the fluid direction. The open rod gate valve can only be fully opened and closed and can not be adjusted and throttled.
The gate has two sealing surfaces, and the most commonly used two sealing surfaces of the mode gate valve form a wedge. The wedge angle varies with the valve parameters, usually 50 and 2 52 when the medium temperature is not high. The gate of the wedge gate valve can be made into a whole, called a rigid gate, To improve its craftsmanship and compensate for the deviation of the angle of the sealing surface. This gate is called an elastic gate.
The type of open rod gate valve can be divided into wedge gate valve and parallel gate plate valve, which can be divided into single gate plate, double gate plate, and elastic gate plate; parallel gate plate valve can be divided into single gate plate and double gate plate.
According to the thread position of the valve stem, it can be divided into an open gate valve and a dark gate valve. When the open rod gate valve is closed, the sealing surface can be sealed only by the medium pressure, that is, only by the medium pressure to press the sealing surface of the gate to the other side of the valve seat to ensure the sealing of the sealing surface, which is self-sealing.
Most of the gate valves use forced sealing. That is when the valve is closed, it relies on external force to force the gate pressure to the valve seat to ensure the sealing of the sealing surface.
The rising stem gate valve offers several advantages that make it a popular choice in various industries.
Here are some of its key advantages:
1. Excellent Sealing Performance:
The rising stem gate valve provides a tight and reliable sealing mechanism. The gate, which moves up and down with the stem, creates a wedge-shaped seal against the valve seat, effectively preventing leakage and ensuring a tight shut-off.
2. Efficient Flow Control:
The gate design of the valve allows for smooth and unrestricted flow when fully open, minimizing pressure loss and turbulence. The full bore design also allows for maximum flow capacity.
3. Wide Range of Applications:
Rising stem gate valves can handle a wide range of fluids, including liquids, gases, and slurries. They are suitable for various operating conditions, including high temperature, high pressure, and corrosive environments.
4. Durability and Longevity:
These valves are typically constructed with robust materials, such as cast iron, carbon steel, stainless steel, or exotic alloys, ensuring excellent durability and resistance to corrosion and wear. This makes them suitable for demanding industrial applications.
5. Versatile Operation:
Rising stem gate valves can be operated manually with a handwheel or by using various actuation methods, including electric, pneumatic, or hydraulic actuators. This allows for remote and automated operation, enhancing control and system integration.
6. Easy Maintenance and Repair:
The rising stem design of the valve allows for easy inspection and maintenance. The stem’s upward movement indicates the position of the gate, making it easy to determine whether the valve is open or closed. Additionally, the gate and seat can be replaced or repaired without removing the valve from the pipeline.
7. Bi-Directional Flow Capability:
Rising stem gate valves offer bi-directional flow capability, allowing fluid to flow in either direction. This provides flexibility in system design and installation.
8. Minimal Pressure Drop:
When fully open, the gate is completely out of the flow path, resulting in minimal pressure drop across the valve. This helps to optimize system performance and minimize energy consumption.
The rising stem gate valve is commonly used in various industries and applications due to its reliable sealing performance and efficient flow control.
Here are some of its main applications:
1. Oil and Gas Industry:
Rising stem gate valves are widely used in oil and gas pipelines for on/off and flow control of crude oil, natural gas, and refined petroleum products.
2. Water Treatment and Distribution:
These valves play a crucial role in water treatment plants and distribution systems for regulating water flow, isolating sections for maintenance, and controlling water pressure.
3. Power Generation:
Rising stem gate valves are essential in power plants for controlling the flow of water and steam in the feedwater system, cooling water system, and turbine bypass system.
4. Chemical and Petrochemical Industry:
These valves are commonly found in chemical plants, refineries, and petrochemical facilities to control the flow of various corrosive and hazardous fluids.
5. Mining and Minerals Processing:
Rising stem gate valves are used in mining and minerals processing operations for controlling the flow of slurries, tailings, and other abrasive materials.
6. HVAC Systems:
These valves are employed in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems to regulate the flow of water or other heat transfer fluids for temperature control.
7. Municipal Infrastructure:
Rising stem gate valves are used in water and wastewater treatment plants, sewer systems, and municipal pipelines for flow control and isolation.
8. Fire Protection Systems:
These valves are integral to fire protection systems, controlling the flow of water or fire-suppressing agents in case of fire emergencies.
9. Marine and Shipbuilding:
Rising stem gate valves are used in marine applications, such as onboard water supply systems, ballast systems, and cooling systems.
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